Last revised 02-Apr-2012

 

 

 

 

 

Document Type

Choice Indicated

 

Database Name
* requires free registration to access selected full text

Subject(s) Covered

Links to Cochrane abstracts?

SEARCH RESOURCES IN PRIORITY ORDER BY LEVEL

EBP Pyramid All Levels

Only time for a quick search? Suggest #1, then cross-check with 3; 9; 29 or 30 (if needed)

All types

Search either
1 or 2

1

TRIP Database

All areas of health care

Yes

Mostly systematic reviews, practice guidelines and primary studies

2

SUMSearch 2

All areas of health care

Yes

EBP Pyramid Level 1 -- Systematic Reviews / Meta-Analyses

 Thorough search? Suggest #1, then cross-check with #3; 4 or 5; 6; 7-8 (if subject applies)

All systematic reviews and/or meta-analyses

 

3

The Cochrane Library—Perform Search—Browse Results from Cochrane and Other Reviews First

All areas of health care

Yes

Search either
4 or 5

4

MEDLINE with Full Text—Limited by Systematic Reviews Subject Subset

Medicine & allied fields

Yes

5

PubMed—Click on Clinical Queries—Perform Search—Browse Results under Systematic Reviews

Medicine & allied fields

Yes

 

6

PsycINFO—Limited by Methodology: Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses

Behavioral science & mental health

No

 

7

Campbell Collaboration Library of Systematic Reviews

Education, crime/justice & social welfare

No

 

8

The Community Guide (CDC)

Selected broad areas such as Adolescent Health, Mental Health, Obesity, Social Environment, Violence

No

EBP Pyramid Level 2 -- Critically-Appraised Topics

Thorough search? Suggest #1 & 9, then cross-check results with #10-11; 12 or 13; 14-16

Evidence summaries of all types

 

9

Clinical Evidence [print edition]

Medicine & allied fields

Yes

Practice guidelines

 

10

National Guideline Clearinghouse

All areas of health care

No

 

11

NICE Clinical Practice Guidelines

All areas of health care

No

Search either
12 or 13

12

MEDLINE with Full Text—Limited by Publication Type: Practice Guideline

Medicine & allied fields

No

13

PubMed—Click on Advanced Search—Limit by Publication Type: Practice Guideline

Medicine & allied fields

No

 

14

National Registry of Evidence-Based Programs and Practices (NREPP)

Mental and substance use disorders

No

Treatment guidelines

 

15

Research-Supported Psychological Treatments (APA Div 12)

Psychological disorders

No

 

16

PsycINFO—Limited by Descriptor: “Treatment Guidelines”

Behavioral science & mental health

No

EBP Pyramid Level 3 -- Critically-Appraised Individual Articles

Thorough search? Suggest #1, then cross-check results with #17-24

Cochrane reviews; articles from ACP Journal Club, AHRQ Evidence Reports/Technical Assessments, Clinical Evidence & BMJ Evidence-Based Journal series

 

17

MEDLINE with Full Text—Limited by EBM Reviews

Medicine & allied fields

Yes

Evidence summaries of all types

18

Bandolier (1994-present)

All areas of health care

No

Selected journal articles

19

BMJ Evidence Updates*

Medicine & allied fields

No

Original articles with conclusions and commentaries

20

ACP Journal Club

Medicine & allied fields

No

Evidence reports
Technology assessments

21

AHRQ Evidence Reports and Technical Assessments

All areas of health care

No

Original articles with structured abstract and commentaries

22

BMJ Evidence-Based Journal series*

Medicine, nursing & mental health

No

Literature reviews, systematic reviews, meta-analyses

23

MEDLINE with Full Text—Limited by Publication Type: Review

Medicine & allied fields

Yes

Literature reviews

24

PsycINFO—Limited by Literature Reviews

Behavioral science & mental health

No

EBP Pyramid Levels 4 to 6 -- Primary Studies

Thorough search? Suggest #1, then cross-check results with #25 or 26; 27-28

Select primary studies In priority order --

1) randomized clinical trials (RCT)
2) cohort studies
3) case control studies
4) case reports or series

Search either
25 or 26

25

MEDLINE with Full Text Clinical Queries

Medicine & allied fields

No

Select a Category and Filter. Categories include: Therapy (suggested), Diagnosis, Prognosis, Reviews, Clinical Prediction Guides, Qualitative, Causation, Costs, Economics. Filters include: High Specificity (narrow search), High Sensitivity (broad search) or Best Balance (in between)

26

PubMed—Click on Clinical Queries—Perform Search—Select Clinical Study Category and Scope

Medicine & allied fields

No

Default: Therapy/Broad. Categories include: Etiology, Diagnosis, Therapy (suggested), Prognosis, Clinical Prediction Guides. Scope includes: Broad (sensitive) or Narrow (specific)

Primary studies (may or may not use controls)

 

 

PsycINFO—Limited by all methodologies below

 

 

 

27

Empirical study; Quantitative study; Longitudinal study; Prospective study; Treatment outcome/Clinical trial; Clinical case study

Behavioral science & mental health

No

 

28

PsycINFO—Limited by Descriptors: "Treatment Outcome" and "Treatment Effectiveness Evaluation"

Behavioral science & mental health

No

EBP Pyramid Level 7 -- Background Information

Thorough search? Suggest #1 then move on to #29 or 30; 32-33 as needed

Patient information
(layman's level)

Search either
29 or 30

29

EBSCO Consumer Health Complete

Medicine & allied fields

No

30

MedlinePlus—Browse by Health Topic

Medicine & allied fields

No

Encyclopedia

 

32

Medscape

Medicine & allied fields

No

Handbook or textbook

 

33

Search Library Catalog for evidence-based clinical textbooks or handbooks

All fields

No

REMINDERS

See Forest EBP Pyramid at http://www.forest.edu/lib-subj-ebp.aspx

4Try to use highly filtered evidence from Levels 1-3 of the EBP pyramid as much as possible.
4Cochrane reviews hold more weight than non-Cochrane systematic reviews or meta-analyses.
4When searching for systematic reviews, make sure your review isn't an "application to write a review."
4Search for evidence from Level 7 only if you feel you need background information or expert opinion.
4Carefully consider how old your evidence is (even if it's highly filtered).
4It is essential to use limits and filters when conducting evidence-based (or clinical) literature searches in the MEDLINE with Full Text or PsycINFO databases.
4Don't rely on the thesaurus descriptor "Evidence-Based Medicine" or "Evidence-Based Practice" in PsycINFO. Articles with these descriptors will discuss EBM or EBP methods and techniques but may not be empirical or controlled studies.
4PsycINFO is inconsistent about assigning Methodology values to articles. You may wish to combine your search query with appropriate terms such as random* clinical trial* or random* control* trial* or RCT*; cohort* stud*; case control*; case stud*; case series.
4You must do your own filtering of content from Levels 4-6.

Prepared by Forest Institute Library staff